His greatest work was the double-sided altarpiece, the 'Maestà', made between 1308-11. Duccio di Buoninsegna (verm.Siena, ca. Further, the fact that he was designated as “painter” and was working for himself demonstrate that he was a mature and independent artist by 1278. Stained glass window with the story of the Virgin. Christ and the Samaritan Woman. This iconic image of the Madonna and Child, seen throughout the history of western art, holds significant value in terms of stylistic innovations of religious subject matter that would continue to evolve for centuries. Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian (Sienese), active in 1278, died by 1319) 1311–18 Medium/Technique Tempera on panel. ), one of the greatest Italian painters of the Middle Ages and the founder of the Sienese school. If, in fact, he was in 1285 entrusted with a work of such significance at Florence, his reputation must have already been established and have spread beyond the confines of his native Siena. Crowned Madonna with Child and Saints Cosimo Rosselli (1439-1507). In Duccio’s art the formality of the Italo-Byzantine tradition, strengthened by a clearer understanding of its evolution from classical roots, is fused with the new spirituality of the Gothic style. 4 Maria Novella, now called the Madonna Rucellai. 5, Maesta (Madonna with Angels and Saints) 1308-11, Appearence on the Mountain in Galilee 1308-11, Christ Taking Leave of the Apostles 1308-11, Copyright © 2002-2017 ducciodibuoninsegna.org, This website is licensed under a Creative Commons License, This website is licensed under a Creative Commons LicenseCopyright © 2002-2017 ducciodibuoninsegna.org, Duccio Di Buoninsegna - The Complete Works - ducciodibuoninsegna.org, Order a Hand-Painted Reproduction of this Painting. His works include the Rucellai Madonna (1285) for Santa Maria Novella (now in the Uffizi) and the fabled Maesta (1308-11), his masterpiece, for Siena's cathedral. Little is known about the life of Duccio. The Madonna, painted on a wooden panel around the year 1300, was purchased in November 2004 by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City for an estimated sum of 45 million USD, the most expensive purchase ever by the museum. Export from an object page includes entry, notes, images, and all menu items except overview and related contents. From. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Duccio, National Gallery of Art, Washington - Duccio di Buoninsegna, Web Gallery of Art - Biography of Duccio di Buoninsegna, Duccio di Buoninsegna - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Biographies, historical commentary, religious and mythological notes. 1255 – ca. | Madonna and Child was painted by one of the most influential artists of the late 13th and early 14th century, Duccio di Buoninsegna. Large, high-quality images. 2 One of the largest collections of paintings online. The following year he was given the task of decorating one of the wooden covers of the account books of the treasury. Duccio di Buoninsegna The Italian painter Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255-c. 1318) was the first great master of the Sienese school. Duomo, Siena, Italy Photo Credit : Scala / Art Resource, NY. He ran a large workshop which shaped generations of Sienese artists. Tempera and gold on panel . There is no doubt that his knowledge of Cimabue’s work was one of the components of Duccio’s style at this time, but it was not the predominant, nor even the earliest influence; very probably Cimabue’s influence was a late insertion into a personal style that had already evolved within the framework of the well-developed Sienese tradition. His art represented the culmination of the Italo-Byzantine style in Siena and created the foundation for Sienese Gothic art. 1319) was the first great painter of Siena. Along with Cimabue (c.1240-1302) and Giotto (1270-1337), Duccio di Buoninsegna remains one of the most influential figures of Pre-Renaissance Painting (c.1300-1400). Born in Siena, Tuscany, he worked mostly with pigment and egg tempera and like most of his contemporaries he painted religious subject matters. Link To This Page | 1310 - 1311. Upload Missing Images. The problem of the relative influence of Cimabue upon Duccio is critically very complex. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian: [ˈduttʃo di ˌbwɔninˈseɲɲa]; c. 1255–1260 – c. 1318–1319) was an Italian painter active in Siena, Tuscany, in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. Pinacoteca Nazionale – Bologna. Duccio di Buoninsegna (Ca. On April 15, 1285, the Compagnia dei Laudesi, or singers of praise, of the Virgin Mary at the church of Sta. 43.5 x 46 cm. It is the only surviving signed work by the city’s leading artist, Duccio di Buoninsegna. Duccio di Buoninsegna (ca. Full size image Download image View in virtual tour Print page . Duccio’s father was from the town of Buoninsegna, near Siena, but at the time of Duccio’s birth he lived in the town of Camporegio. Tali opere sono oggi perdute. In 1280 Duccio was fined the large sum of 100 lire by the commune of Siena for some unrecorded misconduct. ); Right overall, 45.1 x 20.2 cm (17 3/4 x 7 15/16 in.) Notably evident in his style are the influence of the older painter Guido da Siena, with the serene dignity of his figures, permeated by lyrical tenderness and grace, in the now-fading stylized postures of the Byzantine tradition, and of the master of the St. John the Baptist Altarpiece in the Pinacoteca Nazionale of Siena, with his complex Byzantine iconography and his vivid, dense colouring. A remarkable succession of altarpieces by Sienese painters testifies to the simultaneous work of a number of artists, some of whom possessed quite distinct personalities. Duccio may also have travelled to Florence in his early years, coming into contact with Cimabue, but such an explanation is not entirely necessary to account for the formation of his style. by Simone di Martino, in the Palazzo Pubblico (1315) is but an enlargement of Duccio's. Duccio di Buoninsegna at Olga's Gallery. Duccio certainly studied these painters and was influenced by them. by DUCCIO di Buoninsegna Duccio's famous Maestà was commissioned by the Siena Cathedral in 1308 and it was completed in 1311. This "Library of Great Masters" text on Duccio di Buoninsegna was exactly what I needed to help me get a general sense of the artist. Corrections? The Maestà was among the most beautiful and complex altarpieces ever made. The conclusion that Duccio was nothing more than a follower of Cimabue at the time he painted the Madonna Rucellai is implausible and overlooks the originality, as well as the excellence, of the work. Bologna. 01.jpg 2,448 × 3,252; 5.8 MB He has influenced Simone Martini and the brothers Ambrogio and Pietro Lorenzetti, among others. Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255/1260, Siena - c. 1318/1319, Siena) fue probablemente el artista más influyente de Siena, Italia, de su tiempo. 2 Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Duccio di Buoninsegna Master of Sienese Art.. Duccio di Buoninsegna was born in Siena, Tuscany in about 1256. Duccio di Buoninsegna (active 1278 - before 1319) - Triptych, Crucifixion and other Scenes - RCIN 400095 - Royal Collection.jpg 2,000 × 1,467; 2.5 MB Duccio di Buoninsegna - Coronation of the Virgin - WGA06728.jpg 551 × 900; 120 KB The variety of orientations of these painters shows that they did not work in provincial isolation but were sensitive to the diverse influences of the age, including Cimabue. | The centre of the Maesta depicts the Virgin and Child enthroned and surrounded by angels and saints. The Madonna with Saints Pietro Vanucci called Perugino (1448-1523). The Fitzwilliam Museum – Cambridge. Se le considera como uno de los más influyentes en la formación del estilo gótico internacional. Last, 1 Export from an artist page includes image if … Director, Cathedral Museum, Siena, Italy. $22. Also, it arrived in just two days- … Born in Siena, Tuscany, he worked mostly with pigment and egg tempera and like most of his contemporaries he painted religious subject matters. Duccio Di Buoninsegna, italijanski slikar, (okrog * 1255/1260, † 1318/1319.. Verjetno se je rodil v Toskani. In the years between 1260 and 1280, largely due to the inspiration of its magnificent cathedral, Siena had emerged as one of the most vital centres of art in Italy. Vasari’s attribution, whereas it was probably due in part to a desire not to deprive the Florentine school and its founder of credit for so brilliant a work, was accepted almost unanimously until the present century because of strong similarities to the work of Cimabue in the Madonna Rucellai. Giclee Print. Duccio, in full Duccio di Buoninsegna, (born 13th century, Siena, Republic of Siena—died c. 1319, Siena? In large part his life must be reconstructed from the evidence of those works that can be attributed to him with certainty, from the evidence contained in his stylistic development, and from the learning his paintings reveal. Try to remember if these famous names were painters or architects. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was fined more than once for nonpayment of debts; in 1295 he was penalized for refusing to pledge allegiance to the head of the popolo party; in 1302 for not appearing for military duty; and in the same year for what appears to have been practicing sorcery. Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255-1260 - c. 1318-1319) was one of the most influential Italian artists of his time. The Italian painter Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255-c. 1318) was the first great master of the Sienese school. Duccio di Buoninsegna. Despite the fact that this employment contract, preserved in the State Archives of Florence, came to light in 1790 and was published in 1854, it was only in 1930 that it was indisputably determined that the document referred to the Madonna of Sta. The 14th century gives us Ugolino, Duccio di Buoninsegna, Simone di Martino (or Memmi), Lippo Memmi, Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Andrea di Vanni (painter and statesman), Bartolo di Fredi and Taddeo di Bartolo. His type of beauty and his poetic ideal were indelibly impressed upon this charming school . Next Think you know your artists? …revealed by Duccio di Buoninsegna’s “Maestà” (1308–11), formerly the high altarpiece of Siena cathedral.… Duccio: Later commissions …greatest fame, however, is the Maestà , the altarpiece for the main altar of the cathedral of Siena. Duccio di Buoninsegna. Duccio, figlio di Buoninsegna, nacque probabilmente poco oltre la metà del Duecento, intorno al 1255. Madonna and Child with St Dominic and St Aurea', c1315. 3 1255/1260-1318). Giclee Print. Today most of this elaborate double-sided altarpiece is in the cathedral museum but several of the predella panels are scattered outside Italy in various museums. Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255-1260 - c. 1318-1319) Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. 1255-1260 - c. 1318-1319) was one of the most influential Italian artists of his time. That Duccio was doing work more appropriate for an artisan than an artist must not lead one to assume that even at this time he was only a beginner. The Maestà, Front, by Duccio Di Buoninsegna, 1308 - 1311, 14th Century, Tempera on Panel Duccio Di buoninsegna. Maria Novella in Florence, commissioned “Duccio di Buoninsegna, painter of Siena” to paint a great altarpiece that was to represent the Madonna and Child together with other figures. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He also painted a work known as the Stoclet Madonna, the name stemming from its previous ownership by Stoclet in his collection in Brussels. 3 Duccio di Buoninsegna × Duccio di Buoninsegna. The Kimbell painting originally formed part of the altarpiece known as the Maestà (Majesty), made for the high altar of Siena Cathedral. Pinacoteca Nazionale. Duccio di Buoninsegna (Siena, 1255-1260 körül – San Quirico, 1318-1319 körül) itáliai festő, a sienai iskola egyik legfőbb alakja.. Duccio művészetében erős bizánci hatás fedezhető fel, illetve Cimabue befolyása is nyilvánvaló. Author of. In 2006 James Beck, a scholar at Columbia University, stated that he believes the painting is a nineteenth century forgery; the Metropolitan Museum's curator of European Paintings has disputed Beck's assertion. His art represented the culmination of the Italo-Byzantine style in Siena and created the foundation for Sienese Gothic art. Object Details. It is known that services of this type were requested, both in Siena and in Florence, of already established painters. Duccio, in full Duccio di Buoninsegna, (born 13th century, Siena, Republic of Siena—died c. 1319, Siena? The Gualino Collection. Dimensions Center overall, 61.0 x 39.4 cm (24 x 15 1/2 in. Duccio was one of the most important painters of 14th-century Italy. 1478. (From Wikipedia), 1 Duccio, Madonna of the Franciscans (detail), ca 1280, Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena Duccio di Buoninsegna was the most influential Sienese artist. ); Left overall, 45.1 x 19.4 cm (17 3/4 x 7 5/8 in. In fact, in Duccio’s only certain work prior to the Madonna Rucellai, echoes of Cimabue are even less apparent than in the Rucellai altarpiece. The Madonna Rucellai shows affinities with the work of Cimabue in the type of the Virgin, in the serious and robust Child, and in the faces of the six adoring angels; nevertheless, it reveals strikingly new stylistic innovations in the softness of the angels set in midair, in the elegant and subtle lines, in the first feeling of French Gothic animated sweetness and spirituality, and in the light and shade modulation of the free-flowing, clear brush strokes. Greatest of all his works is the Maestà (1311), the altarpiece of the Siena cathedral. (27.9 x 21 cm); painted surface 9 3/8 x 6 1/2 in. Duccio di Buoninsegna e sua bottega, Maestà del Duomo di Massa Marittima, Storie della Passione di Cristo, Workshop of Duccio di Buoninsegna about 1311-1324.jpg 700 × 485; 96 KB Duccio di buoninsegna, crocifisso sagomato, 1288 ca. Artist: Duccio di Buoninsegna Duccio di Buoninsegna. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Around 1497. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His pupils were influential on Florentine art. For the work he was to be paid 150 florins, but if the painting, which had to be “a most beautiful picture” and had to have a gold border, was not satisfactory, the artist would receive no reimbursement. This was the first of a considerable number of fines that the artist incurred at various times and for various reasons, and they suggest that he was of a restless and rebellious temperament. Duccio seems to have been gay and light-hearted. Duccio was the preeminent Sienese painter in the early years of the fourteenth century. His works include the Rucellai Madonna (1285) for Santa Maria Novella (now in the Uffizi) and the fabled Maestà, his masterpiece, for Siena's cathedral.Both represent landmarks in the history of Italian painting. Duccio was able to draw from sources outside Siena as well: from the combination of linear stylization and Hellenistic types that characterized the illustrations of books imported from Constantinople and also from contemporary French Gothic miniatures, with their lively tone and lyrical, animated stylizations of clothing and gesture. 4 He was hired throughout his life to complete many important works in government and religious buildings around Italy. The Gallery's 'The Annunciation', 'Jesus opens the Eyes of a Man born Blind' and 'The Transfiguration' are fragments from it. Omissions? I primi documenti su di lui risalgono al 1278 e si riferiscono a pagamenti per copertine di libri contabili e per dodici casse dipinte destinate a contenere documenti del Comune di Siena. He is first mentioned in 1278, when the treasurer of the commune of Siena commissioned him to decorate 12 strongboxes for documents. These paintings formed part of the predella, the lowest part of the altarpiece. ), one of the greatest Italian painters of the Middle Ages and the founder of the Sienese school. He was one of the most influential artists of his time along with that other great master from Tuscany, Cimabue. 1255 - Siena, 1318- 1319) was een invloedrijke Italiaanse kunstschilder.Hij wordt beschouwd als de vader van de Sienese school en een van de grondleggers van de schilderkunst van het westen. There is little documented information about Duccio’s life and career. 1290–1300 Medium: Tempera and gold on wood Dimensions: Overall, with engaged frame, 11 x 8 1/4 in. From the time of Giorgio Vasari, a minor Florentine Renaissance painter who was the earliest, and probably the most influential, biographer of early Italian artists, this altarpiece, which was the largest yet painted, was considered to be a masterpiece of the Florentine painter Cimabue. Featuring hundreds of artists and thousands of works. 12" x 16", Multiple Sizes. Title: Madonna and Child Artist: Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian, active by 1278–died 1318 Siena) Date: ca. Updates? Some recent critics, no longer able to deny that the work is by Duccio, have concluded that he was a pupil, and in all essentials of his art even an imitator, of Cimabue. He infused the prevailing Byzantine style with a more naturalistic, narrative mode. It gives me a starting point from which to write my paper on the Metropolitan Museum of Art's small but exquisite "Madonna and Child." 5 Duccio di Buoninsegna, Maesta Altarpiece, about 1308-1311, gold and tempera on panel, 370 x 450 cm, Siena, Museo dell'Opera del Duomo Maestà Altarpiece (1308-1311) One of the greatest Italian painters of the Middle Ages, Duccio di Buoninsegna was the founder of the Sienese school.