afghanistan natural resources

The mineral reserves may transform Afghanistan into a peaceful country or they may lead it to even more prevalent conflict. Several things drive the economy of Afghanistan such as the natural resources of the country. Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. According to a joint study by The Pentag Afghanistan's top agricultural products are opium, wheat, fruits, nuts, wool, mutton, sheepskins, and lambskins; its industrial products include textiles, fertilizer, natural gas, coal, and copper. Similar to copper, gold mining started only in 2006. Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. Afghanistan has plentiful underground mineral resources—hydrocarbons, solid minerals, dimension stones, and gemstones. Jalalabad City; Taliban Assassinate Police Chief of Oba District, Herat; Taliban Weapons Cache Discovered in Nangarhar; Magnetic Mine Explosion Destroyed Military Vehicle in Kabul The book couples these details with the challenges of environmental … In total, the number of mineral fields containing different minerals is at least 1400. Afghanistan Forest Information and Data. Most of these undiscovered deposits lie in two basins namely the Afghan-Tajik Basin and the Amu Darya Basin. Potential water wars due to plans for multiple dams, violent opium cartels supporting world heroin markets, and many conflict-financing minerals including everyday talc used for baby powder. The newly founded natural resources of Afghanistan will play a magnificent role in economic growth of the country. Other minerals include lithium, marble (which brings in about $15 million through exports every year), rare-earth elements (whose value is not yet known), uranium, and others. Engineers and government officials everywhere require accurate data about surface water (streams, rivers and reservoirs) and groundwater (aquifers, wells and springs) in order to understand the complex relationship between surface water and groundw… Natural resources can contribute to conflict, especially when the state does not have complete territorial sovereignty. Afghanistan has over 1,400 mineral fields, containing barite, chromite, coal, copper, gold, iron ore, lead, natural gas, petroleum, precious and semi-precious stones, salt, sulfur, talc, and zinc, among many other minerals. Afghanistan is a resource rich country with reserves estimated to worth around 3 trillion USD which almost have remained untapped. Decades of conflict and weak governance have curbed investment in public infrastructure and made enforcing relevant sanitation and hygiene regulations difficult. This region of Afghanistan is made up of high plateaus and sandy deserts. Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as flooding, earthquakes, snow avalanches, landslides and droughts due to its geographical location and years of environmental degradation. Amu River basin The sedimentary crude oil zone of Amu River is situated in the north and northwest of the country bordering Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Agriculture is the backbone of the Afghan economy… Since the dawn of time Afganistan has been considered one of the poorest countries. KABUL - Sustainable and equitable management of Afghanistan’s vast natural resources can contribute to peace-building in the conflict-affected country, but it also can trigger and fuel conflict unless managed properly, according to a United Nations report released today in the Afghan capital, Kabul. Qargha Lake. On the other hand, the Afghan and international critics believe that newly discovered natural resources could lead Afghanistan to further instability as the Taliban militants and warlords are fighting even harder to control the territory of natural resources. This desolate region covers about 50,000 square miles, and is crossed by several large rivers including the Helmand. Afghanistan’s Mineral Resources and the Five Case Studies. The copper deposits in the Aybak area have an estimated value of around $88 billion. A Chinese firm known as the China Metallurgical Group won a public tender from the government in 2006 to spearhead the Aybak, Samangan copper project. The fact that Afghanistan sits on a wealth of (strategic) natural resources was recognized indirectly back in 2010 when the Afghan ministry of mines rolled out a $1b (!) Natural gas was Afghanistan's only economically significant export in 1995, going mainly to Uzbekistan via pipelines from northern Afghanistan, which at the time was controlled by Junbish-i-Milli. A Survey of social demands and expectations With a ProposedProcedure for Distribution of the 5% of the Natural Resources Revenues for Provincial Development By Dr. Mohammad Qasim Wafayezada. Citizens of developed countries can take for granted the basic information about water resources that is fundamental for assuring a dependable municipal water supply, for expanding the economic potential of agriculture and industry, and for improving public health. The major environmental issues today for Afghanistan are soil degradation, air and water pollution, deforestation at an alarming rate, overgrazing, desertification, and over population in its already fragile urban areas. First, it’s the indication of the survey over the past nine years. In 2014, the value of exports from nuts and fruits totaled about $500 million. Gemstones include high-quality emerald, lapis lazuli, red garnet and ruby. A contractor-led role in Afghanistan would confirm the narrative that America wants … DACAAR is implementing Natural Resources Management (NRM) activities in Nangarhar province of Afghanistan with funds from DANIDA. The newly founded natural resources of Afghanistan will play a magnificent role in economic growth of the country. An estimated 70-80 per cent of Afghans rely on agriculture, animal husbandry and artisanal mining for their daily survival. ... Mining and other forms of natural resources … Estimates place the oil deposits in the country at around 3.8 billion barrels, mostly in the provinces of Jawzjan and Balkh.Â, Further studies by the Afghan Ministry of Mines and Industry and the United States Geological Survey showed that the country has significant untapped resources in its northern region. The principal crops cultivated and Pakistan includes rice sugar cane, cotton, and wheat, and all of them account for over 7… Afghanistan’s natural resources – its land, water, forests and mineral deposits – are critical to the country’s prospects for a peaceful and prosperous future. Mineral Resource Discovery –20thCentury • 12. Regulated by the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, mining in the country includes a wide array of mineral resources such as petroleum and natural gas. UN Environment’s engagement … –Afghanistan –China border (terrain issues and resources) –Afghanistan –British India/Pakistan border (ethnicity, Durand Line, water) –Afghanistan –Persia/Iran border (water, dams, & resource issues) –Afghanistan –Russian/Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan border (rivers) • 10. And there's always the potential that such a discovery could bring unintended consequences, such as corruption and competition among nations for access to the resources. Mining in Afghanistan is controlled by the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, which is headquartered in Kabul with regional offices in other parts of the country. Perhaps opium poppy and cannabis are the only plants that may be cultivated on its barren lands. The latest study on mineral deposits found Afghanistan's potential lithium deposits as large as Bolivia Lithium deposits, which currently has the world's largest known reserves of the lightweight metal. Officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Afghanistan is a country in Asia. However, the number of livestock reduced drastically between 1997 and 2002, which is why USAID and the Afghan ministry of agriculture and livestock started working together after 2002 to restore the numbers. Some of the fruits produced include pomegranates, melons, and grapes. I think once the communities are anchored in an economy that gives them jobs money and income they would be less inclined to support the Taliban or other insurgent groups. Traditional crops in the country are wheat and cereals. Fu… Furt… One of the main natural resources in Pakistan include arable land and the size of the arable land in the country has been fluctuating for several years, and in 2015 it was approximately 39.5% of the total land area. Natural resources are the source of numerous fracture lines in Afghanistan and the wider region. They argue that if impoverished Afghanistan is seen as having a bright economic future, it could help foreign governments persuade their war-fatigued publics that, securing the country is worth the fight and loss of troops. Unfortunately, since the middle stages of the 1980s, the country has had to endure a depletion in its timber resources due to war. 4. International and Afghan critics believe that, these mines will have a huge economic stimulus effect on the national and the region economy. Regulated by the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, mining in the country includes a wide array of mineral resources such as petroleum and natural gas. Out of all deposits in the world, the deposits at Aybak are believed to be the second largest. DACAAR is implementing Natural Resources Management (NRM) activities in Nangarhar province of Afghanistan with funds from DANIDA. ... is a serious risk that the country will become afflicted with the “resource curse” that affects many countries with natural resources… The landlocked country has an area of about 252,000 square miles and a population of about 31 million people. It’s said that some known deposits of asbestos, mercury, lead, zinc, fluorspar, bauxite, beryllium, and lithium deposits are also present in the country. AFGHANISTAN'S MINERAL RESOURCES: LCCATIONS, POTENTIALS, AND INFORMATION SOURCES Introduction Identity and LocaHon of Afghanistan's Mineral Resources Potential Smelting Operations Ainak Copper Hajigak Iron Hydrocarbon Resources Petroleum Natural Gas Cosl Hydroelectric Power Recent Maps, Inventories, and Studies of Afghanistan's Mineral Resources Historically, copper exists in Afghan provinces such as Herat, Farah, Kandahar, Kapisa, and Zabul. –Afghanistan –Persia/Iran border (water, dams, & resource issues) –Afghanistan –Russian/Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan border (rivers) • 10. In 2010, the country had an estimated wheat production of about 4.532 million tons. Agriculture in Pakistani plays a significant role and account for 20.9% of GDP as of 2014-2015. Return from Natural Resources to Afghanistan Minerals page, ©2009-2020 Afghanistan-Culture.com Climate change also poses a threat to Afghanistan’s natural resources, of which the majority of Afghans depend for their livelihoods. Afghanistan’s rich mineral resources, if exploited effectively, could prove to be the best substitutes for foreign aid and decrease the country’s dependence on donor countries and … The estimated $3 trillion worth of mineral resources mapped by U.S. geologists in Afghanistan has the potential to provide the backbone for a sustainable economy. The Plan to Exploit Afghanistan for Its Resources Is a Really Bad Idea. google_ad_client="pub-9545819606427070";google_ad_slot="3295899058";google_ad_width=336;google_ad_height=280; The researchers have also announced that despite the large scales of Lithium, iron, copper, cobalt niobium and gold mineral deposits in Afghanistan, there are other potential undiscovered minerals such as cobalt, chromium, silver, barite, sulfur, talc, magnesium, salt, mica, marble, ruby, emerald and lapis lazuli. The fact that Afghanistan sits on a wealth of (strategic) natural resources was recognized indirectly back in 2010 when the Afghan ministry of mines rolled out a $1b (!) Afghanistan has five known crude oil sites located in Amu River basin in the north, Helmand, Herat and Katawaz in the southeastern province of Paktika. #1 of 1 Nature & Parks in Kabul. The soil here is very infertile, except along the rivers in the southwest. USAID is supporting the Government of Afghanistan's efforts to operate and maintain existing infrastructure, invest in expanding access to electricity, and stimulate private sector inve… These are the types of natural resources stories that usually make front page news about Afghanistan. However, there were no copper mines in operation in 2006 due to increased violence from the Taliban. Metal resources include copper, chromite, lead, zinc and iron ore. Industrial minerals include talc, barite, sulfur, salt, precious and semiprecious gemstones. Afghan officials hope fresh bids to come and develop other mineral fields with similar commitments as Chinese Metallic Mining Group who won a $4 billion contact to build infrastructure in the country. Published on Jul 23, 2020. Most of the fishing takes place in main river rivers such as the Kabul River and the Helmand River.Â, Most of the nation’s forests are in the eastern region. Breaking News. Discovery of Rich Resources (resource curse, resource war) –21st Century • 13. After the fall of the Taliban and the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, this issue received more attention from the government and foreign countries. The task force valued Afghanistan's mineral resources at $908 billion, while the Afghan government's estimate is $3 trillion. Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as flooding, earthquakes, snow avalanches, landslides and droughts due to its geographical location and years of environmental degradation. Afghanistan Natural Resources News Monitoring. A rail line, for instance, is needed before any iron ore could be transported from Bamyan province. There are also very limited, unequally distributed, and poorly managed natural fresh water resources in Afghanistan. But natural resources have a significant role to play in stabilizing Afghanistan. Updated as of 2019. Climate change also poses a threat to Afghanistan’s natural resources, of which the majority of Afghans depend for their livelihoods. Decades of conflict and violence, coupled with drought and earthquakes, have had devastating impacts not only on the people of Afghanistan, but also on its natural environment, once pristine and rich in biological diversity. Although Afghanistan has limited water resources, it does not make effective use of what is available. Afghan analysts say that the exploration of the natural resources and changing them into money is a difficult task at this stage as the security is fragile and militancy continues. Meanwhile, Activists from nongovernmental organizations say that, care must be taken to ensure that the extraction of mineral resources in Afghanistan doesn't cause irreparable damage to the environment or create grave social problems from the exploitation of cheap labor or the forced movement of villages that were built on mineral deposits. Beginning in the late 1970s, conflict and instability in the country put an end to the USGS involvement for more than a quarter century. Other agricultural products include pistachios and potatoes. Afghanistan Natural Resources: Afghanistan is rich in fossil fuel resources. Facts and statistics about the Natural resources of Afghanistan. Another Afghan political observer and university professor Nasrullah Stanikzai said that "the USGS released report has three messages. Waheed Muzhda, a well-known Afghan political analyst said in a tv interview, “since the public opinion in the U.S. and the led allied nations are increasingly turning against the war in Afghanistan, by releasing this report, the U.S. wants to encourage its allies to continue supporting the war against terror in order to receive a share from the discovered wealth.” He also believes that the exploration and drilling of mines amid poor security would further create problems and encourage decentralization as dwellers of each area would claim ownership to the mines explored in their areas. Aside from gold, the country has some significant deposits of iron ore in places like Bamyan Province. Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. In the 1970s Afghanistan was discovered to have a wide variety of mineral resources, but only coal, iron ore, copper ore, and gemstones were targeted for development. However, the management of natural resources can also influence conflict in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is the third largest exporter of cashmere. Premature exploitation of Afghanistan’s mineral resources potential could fuel another generation of conflict in the war-torn country. Shroder, John F. 338.483.11(581) S576 [17-03-2300070915] The latest study on mineral deposits found Afghanistan's potential lithium deposits as large as Bolivia Lithium deposits, which currently has the world's … According to a 2015 report by the Afghanistan Natural Resources Oversight Network, there are more than 2,000 sites run by smugglers or insurgents without licenses or oversight. Other reasons for the destruction of forests include the need for more agricultural land, diseases and pests, illegal logging, and other things. Breaking News. As of 2002, other operational gas fields were located at Djarquduk , Khowaja Gogerdak , and Yatimtaq , … USGS Projects in Afghanistan were coordinated with other U.S. government organizations, including the … Second, encouraging allied countries that Afghanistan is a suitable place for investment. The value of untapped minerals is estimated to stand at $3 trillion. After the period of violence, copper mining resumed in southeast Afghanistan in places like Aynak and Jawkhar. The book couples these details with the challenges of … Oil production in the country started back in October 2012 after the country signed an agreement with China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC).Â. The value of untapped minerals is estimated to stand at $3 trillion. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). Jalalabad City; Taliban Assassinate Police Chief of Oba District, Herat; Taliban Weapons Cache Discovered in Nangarhar; Magnetic Mine Explosion Destroyed Military Vehicle in Kabul Natural resources in Afghanistan : geographic and geologic perspectives on centuries of conflict / John F. Shroder. Natural Resource Management and Peacebuilding in Afghanistan Afghanistan’s precious natural resources – its land, water, forests and mineral deposits – are critical to the country’s prospects for a peaceful and prosperous future. Natural resources: This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). The White House is considering sending an envoy to Afghanistan to explore mining possibilities, the opening salvo in what is likely to be a long-term effort to harness the country's natural resources. Even more impressive is the fact that only 6% of the total cultivable land in the country is utilized. Kabul. AT News KABUL: Local government announced ban of the natural resources in the mountainous province of Bamyan to maintain plants and prevent the damage of environment. Metal resources include copper, chromite, lead, zinc and iron ore. Industrial minerals include talc, barite, sulfur, salt, precious and semiprecious gemstones. At the present time a future in Afghanistan without a continuation of multinational competition does not look likely, although the Critics of the war in Afghanistan have been skeptical that the dollar amount of the country's untapped natural resources are being promoted at a time when violence is on the rise and the international community is hungry for positive developments in the nearly 9-years of U.S war. The USGS participated in collaborative projects in Afghanistan’s natural resource sector from the 1950s through the early 1970s. Lost Resource Opportunities –20th Century • 11. Lost Resource Opportunities –20th Century • 11. According to a 2014 mining industry study, some of the most promising deposits of lithium are in the eastern province of Ghazni and the southern region of Helmand province, which are largely under the control of Taliban. Officials in … In total, the number of mineral fields containing different minerals is at least 1400. Gold deposits exist in places such as the Takhar Province and the Badakhshan Province. These natural resources include things like coal, copper, natural gas, petroleum, gold, lithium, uranium, gold, rare earth elements, and arable land. USAID helps Afghans to increase access to electricity and potable water; and design, build, and maintain roads, schools, clinics, and hospitals. Afghanistan’s harsh conditions and rough terrain impede the expansion and maintenance of public infrastructure, including water supply and sanitation systems. Introduction: Afghanistan Natural Resources and Development The history of development of natural resources in Afghanistan has been fraught with international intrigue for several centuries. Estimates place the oil deposits in the country at around 3.8 billion barrels, mostly in the provinces of Jawzjan and Balkh. The Government Security threats, forbidding geography, and shortages of trained technicians all present challenges. estimate of what the country might have, and The New York Times quoted a source in the US Administration as saying that Afghanistan’s list of reserves included copper, gold, cobalt, and even lithium on which the present-day high … Natural resources are the source of numerous fracture lines in Afghanistan and the wider region. A. Natural Resources in Afghanistan: Geographic and Geologic Perspectives on Centuries of Conflict details Afghanistan's physical geography — namely climate, soils, vegetation, water, hazards, and basic geologic background and terrain landforms — together with details of its rich natural resources, ethnic problems, and relevant past histories. But last night Jawad Omar, a senior official at the ministry, insisted: "The natural resources of Afghanistan will play a magnificent role in Afghanistan's economic growth. In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. Afghanistan: Child marriage and other harmful practices: A Desk Review of Evidence from South Asia. Natural gas, oil and coal are present in commercial quantities. This is a big possibility in Afghanistan, where according to the new data released by US forces in Afghanistan, 30% of districts are contested or are under the insurgent influence. Afghanistan Natural Hazards: By Ferdinand Bada on April 15 2019 in Economics. They said that, when people have jobs and an income, they have a stake in the future and the future does not include insecurity.

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