I too like the ECFRL. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive notifications of new posts by email. Second, and closely related to the first, because standardized testing gives us empirical data, it produces accountability for teachers. Biblical Greek language and linguistics: open questions in current research, Revisiting Aspect and Aktionsart: A Corpus Approach to Koine Greek Event Typology, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. 5. στρατηγός ε. τοῦτο καλοῦμαι. 7. ὁ ἡλιος τῆς νυκτὸς φλέγει. Koine Greek NT read with native, modern Greek pronunciation. KoineMediumMacromedia Fontographer 4.1 Koine MediumKoine MediumMacromedia Fontographer 4.1 12/5/96KoineMedium Tags: Koine , Roman, Greek , Koinm___.ttf , Windows font Characters sample ( Log Out / And we could likely conceive of situations where the progressive could be used with this verb. This is part of an ongoing series where I discuss resources that should be developed to aid teachers and students in acquiring Koine Greek communicatively. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Length: 40 questions (multiple choice) on. Here’s a link: http://www.greekingout.com/2011/11/new-resources-greek-reading-aids/. & Hort, and 1,693 in Robinson-Pierpont’s text. The great works of Greek literature were written in Classical Greek. perfectly comfortable with the progressive aspect. Here’s how the test works: Hopefully you can see how this test is about as far as you can possibly get from testing proficiency in a language. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The study of aspect, tense and action: Towards a theory of the semantics of grammatical categories. There’s a crisis context, where contain quite naturally allows the progressive aspect: We finally got troops on the ground, and they are containing the situation. What do you think? Similarly, a standardized Greek test would allow a student in Hong Kong to measure himself against a student in Paris, London, or Dallas. Would a TOGFL be something worth developing? ( Log Out / Change ). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan. In a brief discussion published earlier this year, I noted, "Not all Greek verbs inflect as perfects." It can give you practice parsing all different parts of speech. Like the ACL test, it’s all in English, and primarily tests knowledge of metalanguage and ability to translate into Biblish. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. As a result, you will be able to translate Greek texts accurately without having to look up every form using available parsing tools. Below links to our online Biblical Greek aids, we have presented a brief overview of The most significant, I think, is that a standardized test sets the standard. One problem with the TOEFL is that it’s more about test-taking skill than actual language competency, as evidenced by the fact that native English speakers don’t always get high scores on it. I think they’re exactly the kind of thing we need. Content: Most of the questions (20+) will deal with morphology, grammar, and syntax: parse this, analyze this construction, etc. Ricky finds out that Lucy has not been using a communicative pedagogy. an alternative dynamic reading, the result is that there is no progressive The Koine Greek alphabet contains 24 characters which have phonetic expressions similar to those found in English. 1996. Over the next several months, we'll be walking (sometimes, out of order!) Linguists Your second option at the moment is the National Biblical Greek Exam, which is a service of Logos Bible Software company. They look great! There are, however, two National Greek Exams. identify the subject or d.o. I also found a lot of typos and unusual word choices in their questions. Again, ALL of the questions and answers are in English. to understand the semantic requirements for why or why not a given stative verb Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Introduction I think that once the communicative Koine movement gets off the ground in… Other state predicates, particularly those that exist on the boundary between predicate adjective and stative verb, are less inclined to allow such formations. Updated: May 3. seems natural, but the city is sitting at *Of course, Silva perhaps goes too far also in assuming distributional patterns are somehow in opposition to semantic motivations, when he comments, “These are significant patterns of usage that may be far more determinative than the desire to convey a semantic point” (Silva 1993, 80-81). That would allow for a lot of gradation in scores. What is the student’s reading level—is he ready to read Josephus, or does he need to stick with 1 John for now? New Testament. 3. ὄρη μεγάλα ἐστιν. Koine Greek grammar is a subclass of Ancient Greek grammar peculiar to the Koine Greek dialect. TOEFL requires the student to read 4 passages and answer around 50 questions altogether. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Like the ACL test, the focus is on morphology, grammar, and syntax. The Koine Bible. In this installment, I address the need for a standardized test for Koine Greek. It includes many forms of Hellenistic era Greek, and authors such as Plutarch and Lucian, as well as many of the surviving inscriptions and papyri.. Koine texts from the background of Jewish culture and religion have distinct features not found in classically rooted writings. How long would the test be? Back to the topic at hand, though. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.Pang, Francis. ( Log Out / Try it now for free. 10. σφαῖρα ἔχει γωνίας. might allow the progressive aspect (see Bache 1997,103-132). Obviously, they need to talk to some Greek profs and learn what it means to really know a language! and English grammarians have worked hard over the past several decades working Koine or common developed to replace the various,dialects of Greek with a single common one. It is time that we begin using our substantial corpus resources for devising syntactic and semantic tests of our own. Why not take our cue from them and see what they test for and how they test for it? Enroll for free in BLC's Living Koiné Greek: Foundations online course! *Mary is being quite hungry. This necessarily means that there are substantial number of verb lexemes that simply do not appear in the New Testament in the perfect. A Response to Fanning and Porter on Verbal Aspect. I wish that a) this test already existed, and b) that I could find someone who would be interested in doing well on it. It was the vernacular, or vulgar language, of the day. 3985 peirázō (from 3984 /peíra, "test, trial") – "originally to test, to try which was its usual meaning in the ancient Greek and in the LXX" (WP, 1, 30). In the meantime, this has worked well for me as I attempt to develop reading comprehension/fluency as an independent learner. Starting from the absolute beginning level, Greek will be used for at least 90 percent of all communication that takes place, which will increase in complexity as the course progresses. If you decide to put such a test together please let me know and I will provide whatever help I can. What would it look like? ), 1 with meter, and 1-2 with questions about general Greek literature or culture. 4. τἠν σελήνην οἱ ἄνθρωποι ἐσθίουσιν. Probably a better strategy, though, would be to have. Vocabulary aids and grammatical aids are provided. I hope to eventually cut English out of the aids entirely. Learning the languages of the Bible is vital when performing exegesis. Leiden: Brill. 7. τὸ σῖτον η. φορῶ τοῦτο. ( Log Out / in French) can be taken regardless of the student’s first language. refrigerator contains a bottle of milk. My Greek professor might hear you…!”. Listening Comprehension – listen to some brief lectures, discussions and conversations, then answer questions about them. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. New York: Peter Lang.Silva, Moisés. Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook Written by Rodney J. Decker Reviewed By Benjamin L. Merkle . 6. ἡλος ὀξύς εστιν. ), c) choose the best word to plug into a sentence, or d) identify the function of a word (e.g. Let’s not reinvent the wheel. 9. ἡ ἅμαξα ι. ἀναβαίνομεν καὶ καταβαίνομεν. Moisés Silva (1993) mentions briefly questions of distribution from one verb to another in his response to Fanning and Porter. Bache, Carl. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? For example, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) has 4 parts: Please note: The entire test is in English. ( Log Out / * Still, the point remains: perfect verbs are less common than imperfective and perfective verbs. “Shh! In a single Koine word one may say a paragraph of information. Generate Random Sentence. Yet these sorts of questions have received far less attention for Ancient Greek. Wallace, Daniel. The words of Koine Greek range from simple to extremely complex. The Institute of Biblical Greek has collected the following resources to promote the study of Biblical (Koine) Greek in Christian education and to help students learning Biblical (Koine) Greek. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? progressive aspect, the tendency is usually, “No.” Thus for example, we would If Revisiting Aspect and Aktionsart: A Corpus Approach to Koine Greek Event Typology. b. 2. τὸ πὺρ θερμόν ἐστιν. A Standardized Test for Communicative Koine Greek (Needed Resources), does explicit teaching of grammar actually translate into a better score on a reading comprehension test, This is how many foreign language certification programs work, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_European_Framework_of_Reference_for_Languages, http://www.greekingout.com/2011/11/new-resources-greek-reading-aids/, Exegesis vs. Reading? Yes, I saw those, Refe. Here’s the problem: there’s simply nothing out there even remotely like this. Fourth, the data from the test results give students a way to measure their progress in the language. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Such a test would also be useful for placing students who wished to transfer from one school’s Greek program to another’s. A few people have asked me what are the best books for learning Koine Greek.. Or at least what resources I use and recommend. This app was designed by Paul and Cheryl Hoskins. The Greek New Testament contains about 5,400 unique words which, combined, occur 138,020 times in the NT. the linguistics literature as a signal of ungrammaticality, as below: a. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Pages in category "Texts in Koine Greek" The following 41 pages are in this category, out of 41 total. The idea is to give them something that will allow them to stay in the text as much as possible, while at the same time encouraging them to wean themselves off the aid itself so that they are eventually able to read the text with understanding on their own. A blog by Daniel R. Streett all about Early Judaism, Biblical Studies, Koine Greek, καὶ τὰ λοιπά. I know a lot of native speakers whose language skills are quite poor–speaking and listening, but especially writing and reading. It’s all in English, except for the passage itself. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Third, Koine Greek is a great starting point for acquiring other variations of Greek, including Classical Greek, Byzantine Greek, or Modern Greek. Learners will describe pictures, express ideas, read and discuss texts, and ask one another questions in order to obtain information, all with a focus on immediate comprehension in Greek, and not via translation. progressive present. Fifth, a standardized language test is monolingual. About the Series This is part of an ongoing series where I discuss resources that should be developed to aid teachers and students in acquiring Koine Greek communicatively. 6. ἰχθύς ζ. οὖτος ἄγει ἀνθρώπους κατὰ τὸν πόλεμον. So, get a Greek New Testament and listen to the audio files while you read the text. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? The data can also help teachers determine whether a certain communicative strategy actually produces increases in proficiency; e.g. Reading Comprehension – read 3-4 academic-level texts and answer questions about them. Greek Text: aspect for such verbs. I almost threw my own copy at them! Because it provides a standard, of course! If the test is designed to measure proficiency, then “teaching to the test” is perfectly legitimate, since it will mean training students to be proficient readers and language users. If your students are making A’s and B’s in Greek I/II but can’t get even a low-passing grade on a standardized test, we know you’ve got some ‘splaining to do, Lucy! A Comprehensive grammar of Hellenistic and Early Roman Greek A major research project by Rachel Aubrey and Michael Aubrey. (rather than adjectival predicates) and they tend to be in some way temporary. predicates? There are several exams, each pitched at a different level (introductory, beginning, intermediate, Attic prose, Attic tragedy, and Homeric). Edited by D. A. Carson and Stanley Porter. As the name implies, it would test for, How would the passages be chosen? Chapter by chapter in Greek. 3. ἡ κλίμαξ γ. πεινῶν ἐσθίω τοῦτο. I think the best bet would be to have some easier passages along with some more difficult ones. Once everyone agrees on fluency as the goal, and on basic testing standards (monolingual, metalanguage-neutral, comprehension-based), then we can argue about how best to measure fluency. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Since these sorts of predicating constructions do not allow Part of the problem is that grammar/translation is so much easier and faster to acquire. If you like it, you can then purchase access to the other 20 units. Writing – write essays in response to reading and listening tasks. the foot of the mountain is much more unusual, the simple present sits would be the natural expression. About the Series Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Begin typing your search above and press return to search. No one would have an advantage, since the test is language-neutral. Learn Greek words in fun and easy way. It’s not a standardized test, but rather a description of different levels of language ability. Distributional factors such as this have often played an important role in evaluating the category of aspect in spoken languages. The How to enroll: Click "ADD TO CART" (above) and proceed to checkout. Preliminaries 0. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? I believe the Goethe tests that I linked to employ that Framework. Koine Greek was the language of the working man, the peasant, the vendor, and the housewife—there was nothing pretentious about it. KoineGreek.com: Listen online and download the Koine / Biblical Greek New Testament audio. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Dr. Would traditional Greek programs be open to such a test, especially if it were limited solely to reading comprehension? tend to say in English, The refrigerator contains a bottle of milk, using the simple does explicit teaching of grammar actually translate into a better score on a reading comprehension test? I.e., they actually gloss and parse some of the words for you! You will learn pronunciation and vowels to be able to begin reading the Greek New Testament. I think it’s pretty clear that we don’t presently have what we need (and, I’d like to have a speaking/listening/writing component, too, ideally!). Stephen, you are probably right that the TOEFL is not the greatest test, though I’m not sure the fact that native speakers can do poorly on it proves that. It is undredeveloped and it's creation was a study tool. And finally, there is a ton of accessible and compelling content written in Koine. Similarly, some of the comprehension questions could be easier and some could be harder. This means that the same standardized test (e.g. I think you’re right that a universal assessment measure would be a good thing, but I’m not convinced that a standardized language test is the way to go. ( Log Out / While reading the Greek N.T. ἀληθὲς ἣ ψευδές? Here’s my attempt to do an easy matching component of such a test: 1. ἡ πίναξ α. οἰκεῖ ἐν θαλάσσῃ. The GFA Vocab App offers 1,023 of the most common words which cover 90% of all occurrences. For English, where we have the more semantically specific Press Esc to cancel. Koine-Greek Studies in Greek Language & Linguistics ... Telicity tests and syntactic diagnostics are surprisingly relevant for understanding the semantics of the Ancient Greek perfect.