(1991). The vitamin E group of compounds in rice have antioxidant properties, and these compounds could explain some of the traditional medicinal uses of rice, particularly to treat cancer. Definition of Oryza. Oryza sativa is cultivated in Europe, Africa, tropical and temperate Asia, Australia, and North and South America. Flora und Fauna der Comoren: 428-480. Not only is rice used in a variety of ways as a foodstuff, but it is also an ingredient in medicines and cosmetics, and has a role in crafts and religious ceremonies. Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Oryza sativa f A taxonomic species within the family Poaceae â Asian rice or rice, widely cultivated, probably domesticated in China from Oryza rufipogon some 10,000 years ago. (1957). cultivated rice. Akoรจgninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Hungary, The seeds are often sown in a nursery and then transplanted into paddies. Bosser, J. Cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L., represents the world's most important staple food crop, feeding more than half of the human population. Oryza is a genus of plants in the grass family. It is renowned for being easy to genetically modify, and is â¦ Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the important principal staple food crops for more than half of world population. Tennessee, Niger, (ed.) The young plants can be fast-growing and benefit from large amounts of fertiliser. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. Itâs also a chelating agent. Dassanayake (ed.) Meikle, R.D. (2008). Lisowski, S. (2009). Mexico Southwest, & Novikov, V.S. : a small genus (family Gramineae) of tropical cereal grasses having perfect flowers with six stamens â see rice. Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. The resulting grains are usually eaten as white, polished rice from which the bran has been removed. Edinburgh University Press. Sativa (ending in -a) is the feminine form of the adjective, but masculine (-us) and neuter (-um) endings are also used to agree with the gender of the nouns they modify. Yugoslavia, rubribarbis Desv. Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Nepal, (2009). Cuba, Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. Flore Analytique du Togo Phanรฉrogames: 1-751. O. sativa 'Indica' produces long-grain rice and is grown in tropical areas such as southeast Asia and the Philippines, whilst the short-grained O.sativa 'Japonica' is cultivated in temperate areas including Japan and northern China. References for this information: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, November 2017, pages 3,771-3,780 Food and Function, March 2017, pages 935-943 Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, March 2011, pages 2,269-2,277 International Journal of Toxicology, Volume 25, 2006 Supplement 2, pages 91-120. It is also reported to have moisturising and anti-ageing properties. Rice is most often consumed as whole grains, boiled or steamed in water. Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Division of Botany, Dpt. Med-Checklist Notulae, 30 Willdenowia 41: 311-328. (eds.) Rice extracts, such as starch and oil, are used in a range of cosmetic and hygiene products. Gambia, Bangladesh, It is then cleaned, with the husk retained, and used within one year. Burundi, Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. oryza sativa (Å-rÄ«zâ²Ä sÄ-tÄ«vâ²Ä) [L. oryza sativa, sown rice] The scientific name for rice, a cereal grain in the grass family consumed as a staple source of carbohydrates. (2006). Rice is the most widely grown tropical cereal, and over 400 million tonnes of milled rice is produced each year. Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. In dry or upland cultivation, rice is grown on hillsides as a rain-fed crop, similar to other cereals. Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Texas, http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, China North-Central, Oryza sativa - yields the staple food of 50 percent of world's population. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien. Nicobar Is., Philippines, Pressed and dried specimens of rice are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. While Oryza glaberrima is also technically rice, O. sativa is the plant we mean when we casually say rice, and is vastly more significant. For example, rice did not become an important crop in North America until the late 17th century. fatua Prain : Oryza elongata (Desv.) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Clayton, W. D., Harman, K. T. & Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. To further facilitate genomic-enabled research, we have updated and validated the genome assembly and sequence for the Nipponbare cultivar of Oryza sativa (japonica group). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Gilliland, H.B. (1971). Noun. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Davidse, G. & al. Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Natural History Museum, London. The importance of rice has been recognised for many centuries - in India it was once known as 'dhanya' meaning 'the sustainer of the human race'. The rice is boiled, drained, allowed to cool and then mashed. Central African Repu, Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. Association analysis of arsenic-induced straighthead in rice (Oryza sativa L.) based on the selected population with a modified model BioMed Res. Noltie, H.J. Egypt, Thailand, Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. (2008). Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta. Seeds: The seeds (or grain) grow on branch-like spikes which arch over. Oryza sativa var. Rice occurs in a variety of colors, including white, brown, black, purple, and red riâ¦ Lesser Sunda Is., (1977). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Extracts from brown rice have been used to treat breast and stomach cancer and warts. Laboratory studies have shown that rice products may have anti-cancer properties and the potential to treat other conditions such as diabetes, kidney stones and heart disease. Fedorov, A.A. The main rice-products used as medicines are made from brown rice and rice oil from rice bran. & Gupta, B.K. Flora Zambesiaca Sumatera, Jamaica, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. Cameroon, (1994). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca japonica cv. Taihoku, Formosa. Cyprus, Oryza sativa is the cereal with the smallest genome, consisting of just 430Mb across 12 chromosomes. ยฉ Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Oryza sativa can be seen growing in Kew's Waterlily House, where it is usually on display for most of the summer. Tadzhikistan, Institut d' Elevage et de Mรฉdecine Vรฉtรฉrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Panamรก, Brazil Southeast, Arkansas, (1969). Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Akรฉ Assi, L. (2002). Venezuela, (1999). Iraq, It is also used in horticulture as a mushroom growing medium, organic manure and a mulch. รditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genรจve. >>, The Ultimate Guide to pH and Your Skin >>. Laos, Flore (Angiospermes) de la Rรฉpublique de Guinรฉe Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517. Virginia, India, Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105. Senegal, Flora of Russia. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. GENETIC VARIABILITY AND INTER-TRAIT ASSOCIATION FOR COOKING AND MICRONUTRIENT (Feand Zn) TRAITS IN ADVANCE LINES OF KALANAMAK AROMATIC RICE Define Oryza sativa. Zaรฏre, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Boulvert, Y. The history of rice domestication is not fully understood. Missouri, Nicaragua, The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Chicken manure pellets can be pushed into the compost or broken up into the water-bath. rice - grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished. After being harvested, rice is de-husked to remove the inedible hull. (2008). (2000). Onana, J.M. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. (1996). (1982). Portugal, Algeria, Rice is a staple food of South Asia and a vast number of people are employed in its cultivation. Trinidad-Tobago, A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. Overview: A grass which can grow to over 1 m tall, or to 5 m long in deep water. Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Michael Jones, The Gambia College. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. (2000). Haiti, New Guinea, ยฉ Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2006). Espermatofitas: 1-1576. Western Australia, (2006). (1969). The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Catรกlogo de las Gramรญneas de Mรฉxico: 1-671. India is one of the main rice bran processors. Kazakhstan, Digital Image ยฉ Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Catรกlogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Boulos, L. (2005). Gulf of Guinea Is., Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Palestine, North Carolina, African rice was domesticated from wild African rice, Oryza barthii, while Asian rice (Oryza sativa), was domesticated from wild Asian rice, Oryza rufipogon. (2014). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (1984). Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. One of the world's most important staple crops and a major part in the diet of more than half the world's population, rice also has many medicinal uses. Khabarovsk, Windward Is., The grain is the most economically important part of the rice plant, and its endosperm is the final product consumed. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London. Xinjiang, & Boudet, G. (1991).
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